The Black Hawk War described by Samuel James is not to be confused with the relatively short-lived 1832 conflict in Illinois and Michigan between the U.S. and Native Americans led by a Sauk leader named Black Hawk (and is often remembered as the action that provided Abraham Lincoln with his brief military service).
Instead, this Black Hawk War took place in the vicinity of the Four Corners area of Utah, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona, and lasted on and off for about eight years from 1865 and 1872.
This war was the longest and most destrctive conflict between pioneer immigrants and Native Americans in the history of Utah, and a very sad chapter in that history.
The hostilities consisted of small but numerous military actions between mostly Mormon settlers and indigenous Native American peoples including the Ute, Paiute, Apache and Navajo.
The Bartlett family left England in 1868 when Sam was age 12, and arrived in Springville during 1869. If Samuel was able to enlist in the military and serve as a young scout in this conflict, his participation would have been limited to the very last years of the violence. To my knowledge, Sam was never able to produce tangible evidence of enlistment or service as a scout in the Black Hawk War.
If any of my cousins have documentation that would shed more light on the subject, I would appreciate your input.